Scrum Accountabilities

The Scrum Team is made up of three accountabilities which include the Scrum Master, the Product Owner and the Developers.

At the centre of each Scrum is a small team of people called the Scrum Team. The Scrum Team is made up of three key accountabilities which include the Scrum Master, the Product Owner and the team of Developers. They are the people who work together to deliver a product Increment each Sprint. 

The Scrum Accountabilities are different from traditional project roles and, it’s therefore fundamental for organisations using Scrum to understand each of these accountabilities to aid the success of the Sprints. Let’s take a look at the three Scrum Accountabilities and the key responsibilities of each in more detail.

Scrum Roles

Scrum Master

The Scrum Master is just one person within the team who can be considered the protector. 

The Scrum Master has two key responsibilities in their role. Firstly, they are in charge of establishing Scrum as defined by the Scrum Guide and protecting it by ensuring the team is adhering to the Scrum rules. They don’t provide input when it comes to decisions on the development of the product, but rather act as a coach and mentor for Scrum theory and practice.

Secondly, the Scrum Master is accountable for ensuring and protecting the efficiency of the Scrum Team. This includes day-to-day working, such as eliminating distractions and ensuring the team’s focus remains on the task at hand. In addition, they must ensure all Scrum events are positive, productive and kept within the assigned timebox.

Some key responsibilities of The Scrum Master are outlined below: 

  • Coaching the organisation and its employees in the adoption of Scrum. 
  • Facilitating Daily Scrum meetings
  • Ensuring that any impediment to the Scrum team’s progress will be removed. 
  • Facilitating stakeholder collaboration and removing barriers between stakeholders and Scrum teams. 

These points might differ slightly depending on the organisation and team.

Product Owner

The Product Owner role is at the heart of providing business value. They are accountable for maximising the success of the product resulting from the work of the Scrum Team. As such, they are responsible for defining and prioritising the work that needs to be carried out by the team.

The Product Owner is just one person but is often representative of various key stakeholders. It’s crucial for them to bridge the relationship between the Scrum Team and the stakeholders.

It’s also worth noting that the role of the Product Owner can vary depending on the specific organisation, in addition to the individual team. But broadly speaking, the Product Owner is likely to be accountable for the following:

  • Developing and communicating the product objectives. 
  • Ensuring output of the Scrum Team’s work aligns with the outlined product objectives. 
  • Reviewing and reprioritizing outstanding work depending on any changes in needs and ongoing feedback. 
  • Communicating clearly with the team about any changes to priorities.  

The Product Owner may take these responsibilities on themselves or they may delegate the work, however, they remain accountable.


The team of Developers is made up of a small number of people with complimenting skillsets. As the name would suggest, they carry out the hands-on work in developing the product and achieving the Sprint goals

The specific skills required from the Development Team can vary from architects, testers, developers, marketers and designers. Their key responsibilities can also differ depending on the end goal of the Sprint. However, broadly speaking the Development Team is usually accountable for the following tasks: 

  • Creating a plan for the Sprint and goal setting. 
  • Adapting their plan daily to adhere to the Sprint goal.
  • Providing expertise in designing, programming and evolving products.
  • Test products and prototypes for a high level of quality assurance.

Summary of the Scrum Accountabilities

In summary, each of the Scrum Accountabilities plays a vital part in achieving the Sprint Goals. It’s important for organisations to understand and clearly define accountabilities within the team allowing them to work harmoniously together.

It’s also worth noting that Scrum Teams are typically made up of 10 or fewer people. This tends to be optimum for efficient communication and productivity. If Scrum Teams become too large, they should consider reorganising into multiple Scrum Teams, each focusing on the same product. 


Related Blog Post

10 advantages of using Sprint Goals

At Better Change, we believe in the power of team collaboration to deliver value in organisations. An important and often overlooked aspects of this is the use of Sprint Goals. They are clear, concise objectives set for each Sprint that provide direction and focus to Scrum teams.

Miscommunication in software specifications.

There are often misunderstandings in software specification documents. The solution we typically choose is to make more detailed specifications. Unfortuantely that doesn't lead to better results

Related Training

Related Resources

How to Run a Retrospective

Running an effective retrospective is crucial for continuous improvement in Agile teams. If you’ve ever felt that your team’s retrospectives are lacking direction or failing to produce actionable insights, you’re…

A circular flow chart with various stages representing the scrum process

The Scrum Process Explained

Uncover the intricacies of the Scrum process and learn how this agile framework can revolutionize project management.

A telescope focusing on a distant

What is a Product Vision?

Discover the power of a product vision and how it shapes the future of a business.

More Resources

Let's Talk About
How We Can Help!

Are you enjoying our articles? Even better you can talk to us in person! Get in touch with us so we can schedule something!