Agile Leadership: The Vital Role of Sensemaking, Integrity, Presence, and Authenticity

In today's complex and ever-changing organisational landscapes, effective leadership goes beyond strategies and plans. It involves navigating complexities through sensemaking, acting with integrity, fostering presence, and leading with authenticity. Drawing on insights from Ralph Stacey and Karl Weick, this blog post explores how these elements are essential for agile leadership. Learn how to help your team make sense of their roles, build trust through consistent actions, connect deeply with your colleagues, and lead with your true self. Reflect on these principles to enhance your leadership and support your team’s success.
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At the Regional Scrum Gathering in Ghent on June 6th and 7th, 2024, I had the privilege of presenting on the critical elements of agile leadership. Agile transformations often fail not because of a lack of strategy, but due to the complexities of human behaviour and organisational dynamics. Drawing on the theories of Ralph Stacey and Karl Weick, I explored how sensemaking, integrity, presence, and authenticity are essential for effective leadership in today’s complex environments.

Understanding Complexity in Organisations

Modern organisations are inherently complex and unpredictable. Ralph Stacey’s Complex Responsive Processes theory emphasises that organisational dynamics cannot be controlled but can be navigated. This navigation relies heavily on understanding that people act based on what makes sense to them, influenced by their personal intentions and the interactions within the organisation.

The Power of Sensemaking

Karl Weick’s concept of sensemaking is about connecting the dots in our experiences through social interactions. It’s a retrospective process where we interpret unexpected events by fitting them into our existing worldview. An illustrative example from Weick is the story of Hungarian soldiers lost in the Alps who navigated their way back using a map of the Pyrenees, highlighting how people make sense of information even when it’s imperfect.

As leaders, our role is to help our teams make sense of their tasks and the organisational objectives. This alignment is crucial for achieving collective goals and ensuring everyone understands their contribution to the bigger picture.

Integrity: The Foundation of Trust

Integrity is fundamental to leadership as it builds trust. Acting according to one’s ethics and values, even in challenging situations, sets a powerful example. Majken Schultz’s research suggests that leadership behaviour is the primary driver of organisational culture. Therefore, maintaining integrity ensures that our actions consistently align with our stated values, fostering a trustworthy environment.

Reflect on your personal values and consider how they influence your daily work. Consistency between your values and actions strengthens your integrity and, by extension, the trust within your team.

Presence: Fostering Connection and Engagement

Presence is an indispensable leadership trait. Knowing your team members personally, engaging in small talk, and showing genuine interest in their lives helps build strong relationships and psychological safety. According to Alvesson and Sveningsson, such interactions reduce power distance and anxiety, making it easier for team members to share bad news and innovative ideas.

Think about how much you know about your colleagues’ lives. This knowledge helps in creating a connected and engaged team where members feel valued and understood.

Authenticity: Leading with Your True Self

Authenticity in leadership means being true to yourself and not imitating others. Leadership models can inspire, but your unique style should be grounded in your strengths and personality. My own experience taught me the importance of authenticity after initially struggling with stress from trying to adopt an unsuitable leadership style. Embracing my natural approach not only relieved my stress but also proved beneficial for my team.

Key Takeaways

  1. Sensemaking: Help your team make sense of their roles and the organisational objectives.
  2. Integrity: Act consistently with your values to build trust.
  3. Presence: Foster personal connections to enhance engagement and psychological safety.
  4. Authenticity: Lead with your true self to create a genuine and effective leadership style.


In the ever-changing and complex world of modern organisations, leadership is about more than just strategies and plans. It’s about navigating complexities through sensemaking, acting with integrity, being present, and leading authentically. Reflect on these principles and consider how you can apply them to enhance your leadership and support your team’s success.

Reflection Questions

  • What will be your first steps in applying these principles?
  • What benefits do you anticipate from these changes?
  • What challenges might you face, and how can you overcome them?

Thank you for reading. Feel free to reach out with your thoughts or questions!


Photo by Timon Studler on Unsplash.

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